Will create vast number of jobs in construction and engineering to lift the economy
Putting Hydrogen Transmission Network into place, whether done by private enterprise or by public sector, will create a vast number of jobs in both blue-collar and white-collar sectors of the economy. Engineers, construction workers, and metal and glass workers, will be needed at all stages of the process. The following will need to be designed and built:
Electrolysis plants, powered by solar energy, to take water from the ocean, break it down into hydrogen and oxygen, release oxygen into the air and salt into the ocean, and pump pure hydrogen into pipes;
The special steel pipes, with internal glass pipes, to pump hydrogen to all destinations, and valves, pumps, and pressure sensors, as part of the transmission mechanism;
Fuel cells and special steam engines at user end to react hydrogen with oxygen in the air, and tanks to contain water;
Hydrogen fueling stations and hydrogen fueling pumps at existing fuel stations.
Will replace two systems with a single system, realizing substantial long-term savings
Currently, the water system and the electric grid are two separate systems that work independently of one another. Water system takes lake, river, reservoir, or ground water and pumps it to customers, and used water goes into the sewage. Electric grid uses power from coal, hydroelectric, and nuclear plants and sends it through high-voltage wires to the end user, with most of this electricity lost in transmission.
Hydrogen Transmission Network will replace these two systems with a single network of pipes. Energy and water will be supplied in a single system, as hydrogen from the pipes is used for both water and energy. This will result in significant gains in efficiency, reduced maintenance costs, optimization of the process, and substantial savings over long term.
Will provide cheap, abundant, clean, on-demand electricity and water
Hydrogen Transmission Network will deliver hydrogen round-the-clock to all users. The hydrogen will be reacted with oxygen, on demand, to create clean energy and clean water. Since the source of the hydrogen will be ocean water, which is in no risk of running out anytime soon, there will be enough electricity and water supplied through the system that people will not need to reduce their use of water or electricity to save on resources. Since the only output of the reaction will be water, people will likewise not have to worry about adding to global warming through their use of water and energy.
Will allow oil to last longer and be used for higher-value-added goods
Petroleum has many uses and applications. Burning it for fuel consumption is the most wasteful form of petroleum use. Petroleum is a necessary component of plastics, pharmaceuticals, Styrofoam, polymers, nylon, and other widely used products. As less petroleum is burned for fuel consumption, more will be available to make these and other higher-value products. The resources will last longer, be used to produce more goods, and bring more money to the firms in the long run as they are no longer burning it for fuel and are instead using it to make more value-added products.
Will vastly reduce global warming, as energy sources are moved from carbon to water
The global warming is caused by burning of carbon-based fuels like oil and coal. The carbon dioxide produced in the reaction goes up in the atmosphere and becomes a shield that traps sun rays from leaving the surface of the earth. As electricity and heating needs of households, farms, industry, and commercial installations, are provided by a process that does not produce carbon dioxide, a vast reduction will be realized in carbon emissions, greatly reducing the global warming with every nation that puts HTN into place.
Will reduce the burden on fresh water resources, reducing desertification and shortages
The bulk of water on Earth is in the oceans. Rivers, lakes, reservoirs, and ground water resources are limited, and in many places completely inadequate to support the growing population. In areas that are hot and dry, continued reliance on freshwater resources is unsustainable, and water restrictions in some places have taken effect. Many rivers, lakes and groundwater are drying up or have already dried up, destroying the surrounding ecosystems and making the places uninhabitable for people.
By moving the source of water from freshwater to oceans, this problem is solved indefinitely. Oceans cover two thirds the area of the Earth. The current population, and a growing population, can have adequate water for centuries. The burden on lakes, rivers and groundwater will end, allowing them to replenish and to sustain thriving ecosystems and livable communities.
Will make it possible to irrigate areas that are deserts, turning them to forests and farms
Desertification is a huge problem right now in the rainforests of the Amazon, Africa and Indonesia, as slash-and-burn agriculture leaves ground unusable after a few years requiring more rainforest to be cleared. In addition, there are large areas - Sahara, Australian Outback, Arabian desert, Southwest United States - that have been desertified thousands of years ago as a result of uninformed human activity by the natives of these areas. The desertification adds to global warming as forests that naturally absorb carbon dioxide cease to exist, and carbon dioxide is released into the atmosphere.
Hydrogen Transmission Network will make it possible to re-forest these deserts or make them into farmland without exhausting ground water or diverting water from rivers and lakes. The hydrogen from the pipes, reacted with oxygen, will produce water that could be pumped to these and other areas and irrigate them. The result will be vast areas of farmland to support the needs of the growing population and vast areas of forests to absorb atmospheric CO2. This will make sustainable growing population, growing prosperity, and healthy environment, for generations to come.
Will reduce the costs of electricity transmission by up to 90% (est.) over long distances
The electric grid requires high-voltage transmission lines to reach their destinations. These lines require significant amounts of copper, rubber, and steel and stone poles. Over long distances, the resources expended to build and maintain high-voltage transmission lines are substantial. In addition, much of the electricity gets lost in the transmission through the lines.
Transmission of hydrogen through pipes has been calculated to be one tenth to one twentieth as expensive as the transmission of electricity through wires for long distances. No energy will be lost in transmission, and the pipes will be significantly less costly than the transmission lines. This will result in significant gains in efficiency of the mechanism.
Will reduce maintenance costs for electricity and water
Since electricity grid and water system are separate in the present arrangement, they each require maintenance apart from one another. As two systems are replaced with a single system, the maintenance requirements will go down, and maintenance costs will be reduced.
Will reduce the need for coal, hydroelectric, nuclear and other costly power plants
The electric grid gets is power from coal, nuclear and hydroelectric plants. All of these are expensive installations that require constant work, constant maintenance and constant attendance. As the source of electricity becomes a single ocean-side electrolysis plant or a network of ocean-side electrolysis plants, there will no longer be a need for all the resource expenditures required to build and maintain the coal, nuclear and hydroelectric plants. Among additional benefits, there will no longer be need to worry about nuclear accidents or storage of nuclear waste; about the destructive effects of hydroelectric plants on the rivers and lakes; and about carbon pollution from coal plants.
Will deliver clean energy and clean water with single mechanism
Hydrogen Transmission Network will replace the electric grid and the water system with a single network that delivers both energy and water. This will create a single efficient mechanism that does the work of two current infrastructures.Top